If a man is diagnosed chronic prostatitis, he needs constant observation of the doctor and treatment in order not to start the process and not to provoke complications. Often, prostatitis begins as an acute inflammation, triggered by some infection, including transmitted during intimacy, but because of constraint and fear of the procedures, men prefer self-treatment or ignoring the manifestations. This eventually turns into a chronic process, problems with potency and urination, as well as the transition of the disease into complications. What is worth knowing about prostate and its chronic form?
Prostatitis: the difference between the acute process and the chronic
Today, chronic prostatitis is one of the most common male diagnoses, it affects both young people and mature men. After 50 years on the background of long-term current prostatitis, prostate adenoma is also often formed. Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland, one of the most important sex glands in a man, which produces sperm, into which the germ cells are delivered from the testicles. The main difference of prostatitis of an acute form from chronic is the duration and severity of changes: acute inflammation develops dramatically and suddenly, over several days or even hours, its symptoms are pronounced, pain and fever are typical, but amid adequate treatment, the main manifestations completely disappear . Chronic prostatitis usually lasts a long time, the manifestations may be weak or almost imperceptible, but changes in tissues progress and are not easily treated, and relapses of the pathology are not uncommon.
Why prostatitis is formed: infections and external influences
Today, prostatitis is considered as a pathology provoked by an infection that penetrates the gland area in various ways. Most often, the inflammatory process is triggered by pathogenic microbes, which aggressively affect the tissues of the organ and destroy them. Normally, the prostate is sterile, the presence of any bacteria is unacceptable in it. Any infection, whether it is conditionally pathogenic microorganisms or causative agents of genital diseases, leads to active tissue damage, due to reproduction and production of toxins, aggressive factors that damage the prostate, form edema and pain, and general malaise. The most frequent is an infection caused by intestinal sticks or strepto-, staphylococcus, less often – mycoplasma. In addition, the role of pathogens such specific of infections like gonorrhea, tuberculosis and trichomoniasis, in people with reduced immunity prostatitis can be provoked even by Candida fungi (thrush).
Microbes can enter the prostate region in the ascending direction, from the urethra during inflammation. But it is also possible the ingress of microbes from neighboring organs due to the transfer through the lymphatic or blood capillaries (against the background of cystitis, proctitis, or other processes).
Features of inflammation in acute and chronic process
Acute prostatitis is usually formed as a result of active inflammation, accompanied by both local tissue reactions and the systemic response of the body. Against the background of the chronic course of the disease, changes in tissue are not pronounced, the phenomena are increasing gradually, but they are steadily progressing. In the presence of a chronic process, the role of infection consists only in the initial start-up of inflammation, then microbes can no longer be detected, despite the fact that changes in the tissues and damage processes constantly occur and lead to irreversible changes in the gland. In many ways, the chronization of the process is associated with the specific immune mechanisms of the organism itself. Thus, acute inflammation violates the innervation of the prostate, leading to the launch of autoimmune aggression against its own prostatic tissues.Due to this mechanism, the presence of sterile forms is explained. prostatitis, in which no germs are planted against the background of the fact that inflammation occurs continuously and damages the gland tissue.
Chronic prostatitis: what factors contribute to it?
Although most of those pathogens that lead to the formation of chronic prostatitis, are found in every male body, not everyone is sick. This is due to the characteristics of the body and the influence of certain negative factors that undermine the body’s immune defenses and reduce the overall resistance of tissues. In addition, there are certain predisposing conditions, in which chronic prostatitis is more likely. This should include a violation of blood circulation in the pelvic area and genitalia with stagnation due to the nature of work and lack of mobility, inactive lifestyle. In addition, contributes to the formation of prostatitis problems with intimate life and long periods of abstinence, the method of interrupted sexual intercourse as a means of contraception. They can provoke blood stasis and impaired blood flow in the gland, tight clothing and underwear. Additional factors for the formation of chronic prostatitis are hypothermia and perineal trauma, inflammatory processes in the urogenital system – the testes, urethra, kidneys. Chronic prostatitis is likely in men who are prone to chronic stress, have bad habits, often change intimate partners and are incontinent in intimate life, which is why they often acquire intimate infections.
Problems of potency with prostate
All male organs are closely interconnected, and of course, chronic prostatitis negatively affects the potency. Both the duration of sexual intercourse and its quality may suffer, various erectile dysfunctions are possible and infertility is often formed. This is especially at a young age when it is planned to add a family. Do not think that if the potency does not suffer, then there is no prostatitis, often the changes begin initially in the prostate, and only then, in a state of neglect, the potency already suffers, problems of urination and infertility arise. Therefore, it is important to keep a close eye on your health when visiting a doctor and passing tests, even if nothing is bothering you.